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Posts by Grace Lewis

Establishing Trust in Disconnected Environments

Establishing Trust in Disconnected Environments

• Blog
Grace Lewis

First responders, search-and-rescue teams, and military personnel often work in "tactical edge" environments defined by limited computing resources, rapidly changing mission requirements, high levels of stress, and limited connectivity. In these tactical edge environments, software applications that enable tasks such as face recognition, language translation, decision support, and mission planning and execution are critical due to computing and battery limitations on mobile devices. Our work on tactical cloudlets addresses some of these challenges by providing...

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Tactical Cloudlets: Moving Cloud Computing to the Edge

Tactical Cloudlets: Moving Cloud Computing to the Edge

• Blog
Grace Lewis

Soldiers in battle or emergency workers responding to a disaster often find themselves in environments with limited computing resources, rapidly-changing mission requirements, high levels of stress, and limited connectivity, which are often referred to as "tactical edge environments." These types of scenarios make it hard to use mobile software applications that would be of value to a soldier or emergency personnel, including speech and image recognition, natural language processing, and situational awareness, since these computation-intensive...

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HTML5 for Mobile Software Applications at the Edge

HTML5 for Mobile Software Applications at the Edge

• Blog
Grace Lewis

Many warfighters and first responders operate at what we call "the tactical edge," where users are constrained by limited communication connectivity, storage availability, processing power, and battery life. In these environments, onboard sensors are used to capture data on behalf of mobile applications to perform tasks such as face recognition, speech recognition, natural language translation, and situational awareness. These applications then rely on network interfaces to send the data to nearby servers or the cloud...

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Application Virtualization for Cloudlet-Based Cyber-Foraging at the Edge

Application Virtualization for Cloudlet-Based Cyber-Foraging at the Edge

• Blog
Grace Lewis

Soldiers and emergency workers who carry smartphones in the battlefield, or into disaster recovery sites (such as Boston following the marathon bombing earlier this year) often encounter environments characterized by high mobility, rapidly-changing mission requirements, limited computing resources, high levels of stress, and limited network connectivity. At the SEI, we refer to these situations as "edge environments." Along with my colleagues at the SEI, my research aims to increase the computing power of mobile devices...

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Architecting Service-Oriented Systems

Architecting Service-Oriented Systems

• Blog
Grace Lewis

In 2009, a popular blogger published a post entitled "SOA is Dead," which generated extensive commentary among those who work in the field of service-oriented architecture (SOA). Many practitioners in this field completely misinterpreted the post; some read the title and just assumed that the content referenced the demise of SOA. Quite the opposite, the post was inviting people to stop thinking about SOA as a set of technologies and start embracing SOA as an...

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Architecting Service-Oriented Systems

Architecting Service-Oriented Systems

• Blog
Grace Lewis

In 2009, a popular blogger published a post entitled "SOA is Dead," which generated extensive commentary among those who work in the field of service-oriented architecture (SOA). Many practitioners in this field completely misinterpreted the post; some read the title and just assumed that the content referenced the demise of SOA. Quite the opposite, the post was inviting people to stop thinking about SOA as a set of technologies and start embracing SOA as an...

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Standards in Cloud Computing Interoperability

Standards in Cloud Computing Interoperability

• Blog
Grace Lewis

In 2011, Col. Timothy Hill, director of the Futures Directorate within the Army Intelligence and Security Command, urged industry to take a more open-standards approach to cloud computing. "Interoperability between clouds, as well as the portability of files from one cloud to another, has been a sticking point in general adoption of cloud computing," Hill said during a panel at the AFCEA International 2011 Joint Warfighting Conference. Hill's view has been echoed by many in...

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Cloud Computing at the Tactical Edge

Cloud Computing at the Tactical Edge

• Blog
Grace Lewis

Cloudlets, which are lightweight servers running one or more virtual machines (VMs), allow soldiers in the field to offload resource-consumptive and battery-draining computations from their handheld devices to nearby cloudlets. This architecture decreases latency by using a single-hop network and potentially lowers battery consumption by using WiFi instead of broadband wireless. This posting extends our original postby describing how we are using cloudlets to help soldiers perform various mission capabilities more effectively, including facial, speech,...

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Cloud Computing for the Battlefield

Cloud Computing for the Battlefield

• Blog
Grace Lewis

The Department of Defense (DoD) is increasingly interested in having soldiers carry handheld mobile computing devicesto support their mission needs. Soldiers can use handheld devices to help with various tasks, such as speech and image recognition, natural language processing, decision-making and mission planning. Three challenges, however, present obstacles to achieving these capabilities. The first challenge is that mobile devices offer less computational power than a conventional desktop or server computer. A second challenge is that...

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Grace Lewis

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